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Bandwidth constraints for passive superluminal propagation through metamaterials

Last modified: 2011-12-14

#### Abstract

Superluminal transmission of electromagnetic waves is usually observed in a narrow bandwidth range and the velocity outside this range is subluminal. In this paper, it is shown that the transmission coefficient for superluminal propagation though a periodic metamaterial structure satisfies a sum rule. The sum rule and its corresponding physical bound relate wavelength regions with a phase velocity above an arbitrary threshold with the thickness of the slab. The theoretical results are illustrated with numerical examples.

#### Keywords

metamaterials; superluminal